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Types of tiles and their use

Types of tiles and their use
Table of Contents

Tile is one of the basic elements in various architectural and design projects and is very important in this field. The type of tile in architecture and design projects depends on the environment and user needs. Selection, design, and optimal use of tiles require paying attention to the details and general requirements of the project. If you need information about the types of tiles and how to adapt them to the needs of your project, stay with us.

First, it is better to look at the important reasons for a material called tile in our projects.

Creating attractive changes: Tiles can be used as options to beautify and decorate the environment and facade of buildings. By using different tiles, architects, and designers can apply unique patterns, attractive colors, and desired views on the interior or exterior surfaces of the building.

Protection and insulation: Tiles can be used as insulation in wet areas such as bathrooms, kitchens, and swimming pools. By installing tiles in these areas, the surfaces are protected, and water penetration is prevented.

Resistance to wear and tear: Tiles have high wear resistance and are not easily damaged. This characteristic makes these materials suitable for use in facades of buildings, open spaces, and areas with high foot traffic.

Coordination with other design elements: The intelligent use of tiles in architecture and design projects allows for coordination and interaction between tiles and other design elements, such as walls, doors, and enclosures. This coordination improves the aesthetic effect of the project.


1- Ceramic tile

Ceramic tiles are types of tiles widely used in many construction sectors due to their unique characteristics and properties. Here, we discuss some important features and properties of ceramic tiles:

Ceramic tile

Durability: One of the prominent features of ceramic tiles is their durability and resistance to pressure, wear, and impact. Ceramic tiles have a high resistance to pressure and wear due to their dense and strong structure.

Water resistance: Ceramic tiles are naturally waterproof and can withstand exposure to water and moisture without changing their quality and structure. This property makes them suitable for use in parts of the building, such as bathrooms, kitchens, and outdoor spaces.

Versatility: Another feature of ceramic tiles is their high versatility with different designs and styles. Due to the wide variety of colors, patterns, and designs available in the market, you can adapt ceramic tiles to the interior style or designs of other building parts.


Types of ceramic tiles

  • Glazed tiles

Ceramic tiles come in various types, one of which is glazed tiles. These are a popular option for covering interior and exterior surfaces. Glazed ceramic tiles are coated with a layer of glaze, which makes them resistant to moisture, stains, and scratches. This coating also prevents water penetration and makes the tiles more moisture-resistant. Furthermore, the use of matt glaze prevents staining and makes it easier to clean the tiles by removing dirt.

Glazed tiles

  • Unglazed ceramic tiles

Unglazed tiles are perfect for outdoor spaces because they are slip-resistant and dirt-resistant.


Unglazed ceramic tiles


  • Terracotta ceramic tile

Terracotta ceramic is a type of clay-based ceramic that is typically made of red and brown clay. The clay is fired at extremely high temperatures to create this kind of ceramic to obtain a solid product. Terracotta tiles are commonly used as flooring material. However, you can also use their attractive combination of red and brown colors with colored spots in your building’s facade to add a touch of elegance.




Ceramic tile applications

Ceramic tiles are versatile building materials that can be used indoors and outdoors. They are commonly used in areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, living rooms, and outdoor spaces.

Application of ceramic tiles in home spaces

Kitchen: Anti-slip ceramic tiles are ideal for kitchen floors. Additionally, ceramic wall tiles can be used to enhance the kitchen’s appearance durability, and protect the walls from stains and water damage.

Bathroom: Non-slip ceramic tiles are commonly used in bathrooms because they resist moisture and water, increase durability, and add beauty to the walls and surfaces.

Living room: Ceramic tiles are durable and stain-resistant, making them an ideal choice for luxurious and efficient flooring in living rooms and even on walls.

Outdoor spaces: Some ceramic tiles can withstand outdoor conditions and are suitable for terraces, pools, facades, sidewalks, and yards.


Advantages and durability of ceramic tiles

Ceramic tiles are a practical choice for both indoor and outdoor spaces. Their durability reduces the need for frequent repair or replacement. Additionally, the smooth and flat surface of ceramic tiles makes them resistant to the growth of bacteria and fungi, ensuring a safer environment for you. As a result of these advantages, you can expect a significant reduction in maintenance and replacement costs.


2- Natural stone tiles

Natural stone tiles are types of tiles that are one of the most popular options in interior and exterior design. These tiles are produced from natural stones such as marble, granite, travertine, and other stones. The unique features of natural stone tiles are:


stone tiles

Beauty: Natural stone tiles exhibit unique patterns, colors, and cracks formed by mineral deposits and natural causes over time.

Durability: Natural stone tiles are highly durable and resistant to pressure, corrosion, and mechanical damage, making them ideal for high-traffic areas.

Natural Variation: Each piece of natural stone tile has a unique pattern and color, resulting in a distinct appearance and style for each project. Additionally, natural stone tiles are available in various colors, shapes, and sizes.


Types of natural stone tiles

Natural stones like marble, granite, slate, limestone, and travertine are used for interior and exterior design due to their unique appearances and characteristics.

Marble: Marble is a popular natural stone for luxury interior design. With unique patterns and colors, it adds charm to any space.

Types of natural stone tiles


Granite: Granite is a resistant and durable natural stone used for various applications such as flooring, walls, or exterior surfaces. Granite has a beautiful appearance and various designs that give strength and glory to the space.




Slate: Slate or cement stone is a man-made stone that is created by combining cement and minerals. This type of tile can be used for covering both interior and exterior surfaces. The slate tile has a sleek and seamless surface that provides any space with a clean and contemporary appearance.



Limestone: Limestone is a beautiful natural stone commonly used in interior design for flooring, walls, and decorations, adding elegance and charm to any space.

lime tiles


Travertine: Travertine is a natural stone used for flooring, walls, and decorations due to its unique appearance and colored holes.



Natural stone tiles, such as granite, marble, travertine, and building stone, have a wide range of indoor and outdoor applications in buildings. These tiles are highly sought after for their natural and unique beauty and have specific uses in various indoor and outdoor environments. Some of the primary uses of these materials in buildings and spaces include:


Flooring: One of the main uses of natural stone tiles inside buildings is for flooring due to their high resistance to wear and impact. As a result, they are suitable for high-traffic areas like swimming pools, restaurants, public spaces, and commercial centers.



Walls: Natural stone tiles are installed on walls to enhance the beauty and strength of buildings.



Tables and Surfaces: Countertops, kitchen counters, and other surfaces can benefit from the natural and stain-resistant qualities of natural stone tiles.


Tables and Surfaces


Examining the characteristics of natural stone tiles

When it comes to choosing tiles, natural stone is a great option as it offers beauty, resistance, durability, and luxury. However, it also has some disadvantages that cannot be overlooked. Firstly, natural stone tiles are more expensive than other types of tiles. Secondly, the installation process is more complicated. Additionally, some natural stones may become naturally permeable to moisture over time. In conclusion, natural stone tiles have both advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, before deciding to use them, it is essential to carefully evaluate their costs, maintenance requirements, and vulnerability tolerance.

porcelain tile


3- Porcelain tile

Porcelain tiles are high-quality, hard, and resistant types of tiles made from clay paste materials that are baked at high pressure and temperature.



The characteristics of porcelain tiles are:

Durability: Porcelain tiles are highly durable and resistant to impact and high pressure, making them ideal for high-traffic environments.

Low water absorption: Porcelain tiles possess a significant characteristic of low water absorption. In other words, they can absorb the least amount of water. This feature makes porcelain tiles ideal for wet areas and environments such as bathrooms and swimming pools.

Resistance to stains and scratches: Porcelain tiles have a uniform surface and no open pores, which makes them highly resistant to stains and scratches. Due to this property, the color and texture of porcelain tiles are not easily affected by cleaners, pollution, or acidic substances, ensuring that their appearance is maintained for a long time.


Types of porcelain tiles

Glazed porcelain tile:

These tiles are made with a layer of glaze coating on the surface, which can either be glossy or matte. They are commonly used in wet environments such as bathrooms and kitchens, as well as in crowded areas that are prone to contamination.


Glazed porcelain tile


Unglazed porcelain tile:

In this type of tile, the coating does not obstruct the surface, and the surface of the tile is exposed to the air. These tiles are mostly used in indoor environments.


matt tiles


Polished porcelain tile:

This type of tile is polished to create a reflective surface and is commonly used in high-end flooring for luxurious environments such as lobbies, restaurants, and terraces.

Polished porcelain tile


Textured porcelain tile:

Textured tiles are a type of tile that has an uneven surface texture, unlike smooth and glazed tiles. These tiles have gained popularity in recent years due to their attractive appearance. There are many options to choose from, as there is a wide range of textures available in these tiles. It is important to consider that each type of porcelain tile has its unique characteristics and uses. Therefore, you can choose the type that best suits your design and environment based on your preferences and requirements.

wall tile


The advantage of porcelain tiles

Porcelain tiles have high durability and resistance due to their composition and production process. Also, with very low moisture absorption, these tiles have a longer lifespan than other tiles, and by reducing the absorption of pollution, the need to clean them is reduced. As a result of all these features, the maintenance cost of porcelain tiles is lower.

A wide variety of porcelain tiles are available in the market, with numerous designs, patterns, and colors to choose from. This makes it possible to create a unique interior design. In addition, some porcelain tiles are designed to mimic the texture and appearance of natural wood, stone, and marble.



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4- Glass tiles

Glass tiles are types of tiles made of glass, known for their transparent appearance that allows colors and designs to reflect light.

Glass tiles

Below are the important features of glass tiles:

Transparent appearance: Glass tiles are known for their transparent appearance, achieved due to their glass raw material. This feature allows the light to pass through them easily, creating attractiveness and luxury in the space’s decoration.


Glass tiles


Light reflection: Glass tiles have the unique ability to reflect light, creating a magnificent effect that can make any space brighter and more beautiful. Due to this characteristic, they are perfect for use in areas such as bathrooms and kitchens or as wall dividers in interior spaces.


Light reflection


Multicolor: Glass tiles come in various colors and designs that can be tailored to your style and space.



Resistance: Glass tiles are typically impervious to both moisture and impact. This quality makes them ideal for use in rooms such as bathrooms and kitchens, which are often exposed to water and impact.

Thanks to their unique properties, glass tiles are an excellent option for enhancing the aesthetics and grandeur of interior spaces.

Types of glass tiles

Glass mosaic tiles:

Mosaic tiles are composed of small pieces fused together to create various shapes, colors, and designs. These tiles are prized for their artistic beauty, versatility, and ability to withstand moisture and water. They are commonly used in decorative applications, such as for flooring in staircases, hallways, and outdoor areas, as well as for walls.

Glass mosaic tiles


Glass subway design tiles:

The Subway design features simple yet attractive patterns arranged in eye-catching squares and rectangles. These designs can be produced on matte, glossy, or polished surfaces.

Glass subway design tiles


Fused glass tiles:

These tiles are created using a blend of cement and fused glass. Their uniqueness is due to the use of fused glass and their vivid colors add a special charm to the works of art. These tiles are commonly used on surfaces such as worktops, dishes, and other artwork.

Fused glass tiles


Each type of tile has unique features that can be used for interior decoration and surface design, enabling you to create charm and distinction in your desired style and taste.


Applications of glass tiles

Glass tiles, made of glass and resin, are versatile for interior use.

Kitchen wall covering: Glass tiles can be used as a waterproof and washable kitchen wall covering that resists grease and stains.

Kitchen wall covering


Bathroom: Glass tiles in the bathroom provide a beautiful and clear view. Their waterproof nature prevents moisture and corrosion, and they can be easily cleaned for a hygienic environment.

bathroom tiles


Pool: Glass tiles are highly resistant to moisture and water, making them a popular choice for swimming pools. With a variety of designs and colors available, they can add beauty and brilliance to any pool.

pool tiles


Note that glass tiles must be installed according to technical specifications and replaced entirely if broken.


Choosing the best tile for your space

We discussed four types of functional tiles suitable for various spaces, including homes. When choosing a tile, it’s important to consider your budget, required features, and space specifications. Based on these factors, you can select the type of tile that best meets your needs.

All types of tiles are of high quality and beautiful, suitable for your projects. However, we have found that ceramic tiles are versatile and uniquely resistant to breakage and moisture absorption. With a reasonable price compared to other tiles and a wide range of options, ceramic tiles are an excellent choice for projects with a limited budget.


On the other hand, we have examined natural stone tiles, which, despite their advantages such as strength and natural beauty, come at a high cost.

Porcelain tile is an excellent choice for projects that require exceptional moisture resistance. Although the price of porcelain tile is naturally higher than that of ceramic, it is well worth the investment. Glass tile, on the other hand, is great for luxury projects due to its various sizes and designs. If you’re unsure which tile to choose, you can visit our products page to view all of our options in Iranian Tiles. Should you need further advice or assistance, please don’t hesitate to contact us.



How many types of tiles are there?

There are different types of tiles, such as porcelain, ceramic, natural stone, glass, and cement tiles.

What is tiles and its uses?

Tile is a building material used to insulate and beautify surfaces.

What are the different types of tiles called?

There are several types of tiles, such as porcelain, ceramic, natural stone, glass, and cement tiles.

What type of tiles are used in house?

Affordability and durability make ceramics an excellent choice for any room in your home, including bathrooms and kitchens. Compared to wooden flooring, carpet, or other materials, glazed ceramic tile is more resistant to stains and moisture.

Which tile quality is best?

Each tile has advantages and disadvantages; the best one depends on your needs and environment. Porcelain tiles are popular due to their high quality.

which tile is strongest

High strength and durability are highly sought-after qualities in natural stone, porcelain, ceramic, and cement tiles. It is important for these types of tiles to withstand regular wear and tear to maintain their aesthetic appeal and functionality.



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